Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is the most important measure one can carry out if someone feels breathless. This condition of breathlessness can happen due to cardiac arrest or respiratory problems in adults. If an individual has knowledge and training then he can administer CPR on the patient. Some times, you find infants with breathlessness. In this situation you need to act quickly and administrate CPR on infants.
You have to give CPR systematically and in a methodological manner to an infant. You have to first assess whether the child is out of breath. When the child does not respond to your loud noise or a tapping on shoulder, you have to understand the emergency of the situation. Such situations occur when the infant has inhaled water from bathing tub or a swimming pool, swallowed a toy, or a food item. These items lead to blockage of air way and the infant gets choked. CPR helps you in giving relief to the child.
Take a look at following steps to administer CPR on infant:
- Once you find that the infant is not responding, then you have take necessary measures. You need to listen to the breathing rate and check the movements of chest.
- You have to make the infant lie on the back. You have to keep the airway open. Place your mouth over the infant's nose and mouth in such a fashion that the infant's mouth is sealed. Then give two breaths so that fresh air goes into the infant's lung.
- Remove your mouth and let the infant exhale. Observe the chest movements minutely. After that place your fingers on the chest bone of the infant. Press the fingers firmly and give thirty chest compressions. This procedure should be done without using force.
- Repeat the two breaths and thirty compressions continuously for two minutes. You have to continue until thee infant breathes and coughs on his own. You have to ask for medical help immediately.
- In some cases, the child keeps on coughing if there is blockage. To remove the blockage in the airway, you have to turn the infants face down, rest the infant on your knee and give five short blows on the back in between the shoulders.
- Once that is done turn the infant and put your finger into the mouth to check if the object is still there. Repeat the process if you feel that the blockage still exists. Once the object that blocked the airway is removed, the infant starts breathing. If the infant does not breathe, then you need to give CPR.
In this way, you can provide first aid to the infant. This is a primary step before a doctor arrives.