A cardiac arrest can cause a sudden discomfort and if there is no emergency help, then this may lead to death. Cardiopulmonary resuscitation is a simple way to regain the victim's heartbeat. Being the most effective, CPR has various steps one should be well acquainted as to how to do it.
The steps involved in CPR are as follows:
- If you find an unconscious person, the first thing you need to do is try and wake that person up, if that fails to happen then it is certain that the unconscious person might have had a cardiac arrest or some breathing problem.
- Go ahead and check to see if victim is still breathing or not, your ear should be close enough to the victim's mouth or nose so that you can hear him/her breathing. If there is no sign of breathing at all then you need to proceed with the CPR rescue mouth-to-mouth breathing. (according to the new guidelines issued by the American red cross mouth-to-mouth is proven to be not useful at all, so it should be avoided)
- Later on give a call for the emergency services and meanwhile start with the CPR process. It is considered important to call for help because it is not recommended that you carry out CPR for a long period of time. CPR is a way to ensure that there are some chances of survival for the victim.
- As soon as this is done it is important to give chest compressions with the palms and in the center of the chest. The rescuer must try and compress the chest to about 2 inches. One thing that should be kept in mind while giving the chest compressions is that the rescuer must push fast enough, then give 30 compressions with 2 rescue breaths and see if the chest rises or not.
- The above steps should be repeated 5 times nearly for 2 minutes and meanwhile keep a check on the victim if he/she has started breathing. If at all the person is not breathing, repeat the entire process of CPR.
It is important that oxygen needs to be stored in brain because if that does not happen it can lead to brain damage. These above mentioned steps can certainly help restoring the oxygen level and retrieve a person back to normal breathing. CPR can give you the privilege of saving someone's life.