CPR Manikins are life-sized dolls with stimulated airways used in teaching first aid or CPR procedures. The manikins have their weight distribution similar to an unconscious human.
The CPR training manikins are used to demonstrate the CPR procedures on a manikin, so that one is able to perform the same on a real human body without hurting them. The manikin is made especially for this purpose, mimicking the body structure, weight and internal air system of a human body.
The manikins torso is made out of a tough yet soft, foam based construction, treated with smooth skin finish to give long years of service. The manikins undergo a lab test, in which a specially designed test fixture stimulates chest compression on the training manikins to know how much pressure it can withstand without showing any signs of wear and tear.
As there are different makes in the market for such CPR training manikins, the lung bags and head come in different sizes. According to the American Heart Association, the important criterion for the manikin is to show realistic chest movement when adequate ventilation is provided through the nose or mouth.
Because a CPR manikin is used to train many different individuals, there is a risk of spreading germs and diseases. However, this risk is relatively small. By following the proper sanitary rules, you can be sure that sharing a CPR manikin won't spread serious disease.
The CPR training manikin is supposed to be clean and sterilized. Normal soap and water can be used on the manikins face or an anti-bacterial scrub. Before using the manikin the lung bag has to be inserted by removing the chest piece, this is done to capture ones breaths into the manikin's mouth.
CPR Training on manikins
- Clean and sterilize the CPR manikin. Soap and water or an anti-bacterial scrub can be used for this purpose. If the CPR manikin has changeable faces, one can simply exchange the face portion before use.
- The 'lung bag' has to be inserted in the manikin by removing the chest piece and insert the lung bag's nozzle into the spout located near the base of the CPR manikins neck.
- Replace the chest's covering. Make sure the pieces fit tightly before using the manikin to perform CPR.
- Roll the CPR manikin onto its back and pull the jaw so that the mouth is opened.
- Clamp your mouth over the CPR manikin's mouth in such a way that it creates an airtight seal.
- Deliver two quick, forceful 'rescue breaths'. Force some air into the CPR manikins mouth so that the lung bags fill up, forcing the manikin's chest to rise. Keep in mind not to breathe forcefully, it may cause the lung bag to rupture.
- Deliver the same cycle of chest compressions and breaths. Thirty such chest compressions, followed by 2 breaths are to be given, according to AHA.
- Remember to dissemble the CPR manikin after use.