Having a cardiac arrest or problems with breathing now-a-days has become a common thing. Cardiac arrest takes place only when there is an accident or drug overindulgence, another reason for it can be heart attack or some abnormal heart beats. CPR is something which you as a bystander can do to relieve a cardiac victim from severe pain. The American Health Association has taken a keen interest in introducing the steps of CPR to adults.
How to do an adult CPR:
- As soon as you see someone who is lying unconscious, immediately check with the victim if he/she is responsive or not. Move that person or shout loudly into his/her ears saying "are you alright" and see if the person regains consciousness.
- If the victim is not responding at all then go ahead and give a call to the emergency services or to the ambulance helpline.
- Till the time the professionals reach, put that person down on his back with a lot of care. Also take care that the surface the victim is lying down on needs to be a flat surface as it is helpful for better CPR results.
- Next try and open the airway. For this you need to tilt the head of the victim slightly and raise the chin up a little with the help of your fingers.
- After the airway is open put your face close enough to the victim's face and concentrate to see if there is any kind of breathing activity in the victim.
- If there are no signs of breathing at all or if the victim is facing a lot of problems in breathing then the volunteer must give rescue breathing. Place your mouth closely over the victims mouth and close the nose of the victim and make sure the head is still in the tilting position, then breathe into the mouth of the victim try and make sure that the chest rises every time you breathe in. (it is also recommended by the American Health Association that if you are worried that you as a volunteer won't be able to perform rescue breathing in the right way, then one must go ahead with hands only CPR.)
- Following up with the rescue breathing, start chest compressions by placing your hands one upon another and also see that your body positioning should be right above your hands. With the help of your palms start the chest compressions in the center of the chest, give 30 compressions to the victim. The compressions should be fast and hard enough and 2 inches deep. These compressions should also comprise 2 rescue breaths.
- The entire process should be repeated at least twice or till the time help reaches in.
Accidents are unexpected you never know when a person might have a heart attack. It is always better to learn these basic steps. So, you are not just a viewer but rather a helpful aid.